Thoubal district is one of the nine districts of Manipur state in northeastern India. This district is bounded by Senapati district on the north, Ukhrul and Chandel districts on the east, Churchandpur and Bishnupur districts on the south and Imphal West and Imphal East districts on the west. The district occupies an area of 519 km2. The population as of 2011 is 422,168.Thoubal town is the district headquarters. This district is known for Khongjom, where the last battle of the independence of Manipur was fought in April 1891 against the British army.
In May 1983 this district came into existence when Thoubal sub-division of the erstwhile Manipur Central District (later Imphal district) with all its administrative units was transferred to form a new district. Later, in November 1983, Thoubal district was divided into Thoubal and Kakching sub-divisions comprising Kakching and Waikhong Tahsils. At present there are 3 sub divisions in Thoubal district, they are Thoubal, Lilong and Kakching.
The district occupies the larger part of the eastern half of the Manipur Valley. The shape of the district is an irregular triangle with its base facing north. It lies between 23° 45′ – 24° 45′ North latitudes and 93° 45′ – 94° 15′ East longitudes. Its average elevation is about 790 m above the sea level. The district is dotted by a few hillocks and hills of low heights. Of these, Punam hill has an elevation of 1009 m above the sea level.
Rivers and lakes
The Imphal and the Thoubal are the most significant rivers that flow through the district. The Thoubal River originates in the hill ranges of Ukhrul and is an important tributary of the Imphal River. It passes through Yairipok and Thoubal before joining the Imphal at Irong near Mayang Imphal. The Imphal River rises in the hills of Senapati district and flows south. It forms the northern and western boundaries of Thoubal district. Other rivers in the district are the Wangjing, the Arong and the Sekmai. These rivers originate in the hills of Ukhrul district. The Arong River flows through Khangabok and falls into Kharung Pat. The Wangjing River flows west via Heirok and Wangjing before joining the Loushi Pat.
It is situated above 10 km to the south of Thoubal, the district headquarters (32 km from Imphal). It is the place where last war of Manipur’s independence was fought between the Manipuri and the British soldiers. Khongjom war memorial park has been constructed and on the top Kheba hillock statue of Paona brajabashi is erected. Every year on 23 April Khongjom day is celebrate.
Situated 51 km from Thoubal and junction of four districts i.e. Thoubal, Bishnupur, Churachandpur and Chandel, the place is an important trading centre on the south of the district. From it a beautiful view of the Imphal river can be seen. It is on the Imphal–Sugnu State highway. Serou temple near Sugnu is one of the famous pilgrims in Manipur.
The place is important for its scenic beauty. There is an inspection bunglow on the hill-side over looking the Waithou Lake. The place is noted for its tasty pineapples. An exotic and delicious variety of local fish known as ‘Ngaton’ used to be available at this place
abundantly till a few years back from now. It is on the National highway about 3 km from the district headquarters.
It is the sub-divisional headquarters of Kakching sub-division and is a famous trading centre of a variety of vegetables, fishes and rice next to Thoubal, the biggest town in the district. The place is easily approachable from the National highway and is connected to the other State highways. Kakching Eco-park is a beautiful park lie on the top of Kakching hills.
It is the district headquarters of Thoubal district and also the sub-divisional headquarters of Thoubal sub-division. It is the largest and busiest town of this district. Situated 22 km from Imphal, the National highway No. 39 divides the town almost into halves from north to south length-wise. The Thoubal river flows through the centre of the town from east to west. It is the biggest town in the district and is one of the most important trading centre of the district. The town has all the infrastructures of a fast developing urban area. All the government offices, institutions and banks of this district are located around Thoubal town.