Tinsukia is a city and municipal board in Tinsukia district, Assam, India. It is situated 480 kilometres (298 mi) north east of Guwahati and 84 kilometres (52 mi) kilometres away from the border with Arunachal Pradesh.
It is the administrative headquarters of Tinsukia District of Assam, India. It contains a mixture of Assamese, and Hindi- speaking people. New malls and buildings are being constructed.
Tinsukia deals in agricultural products such as tea, oranges, ginger, citrus fruits and paddy. It also contains the state’s largest railway junction.
Tinsukia is the site of Bengmara, which was originally known as Changmai Pathar. It was the capital city of the Muttack Kingdom which was founded by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha.
Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, known as Mezara, rose to become an able administrator. Mezara adopted the name Sarbananda Singha after he became the King. Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha introduced coins after his name and in Saka 1716 and 1717, he inscribed the title Swargadeo in the coins.
As instructed by Swargadeo Sarbananda Singha, his Minister Gopinath Barbaruah alies Godha dug a triangular pond which is known as Tinikunia Pukhuri. In 1884 a station was constructed near this pond, when the Dibru-Sadiya Rail line was laid, which was named as Tinsukia. Since then it has been known as Tinsukia.
Tinsukia is located at 27.5°N 95.37°E.It has an average elevation of 116 metres (380 feet).
National protected area
The Dibru Saikhowa National Park, adjacent to the city is a national park of India and is considered an important Biodiversity Hotspot in India. The Brahmaputra is at the northern border and the Dibru river at the southern, and the park is an island with feral horses, endangered White-winged Wood ducks and Hoolock Gibbons. Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary is about 6 km from Tinsukia. It is famous for different species of primates including the endangered Hoolock Gibbon. Maguri Beel is used for birdwatching.
The Shiv Dham is a temple of Lord Shiva with a pond in the middle. The Tilinga Mandir (bell temple), located at Bordubi, about 9 kilometer from Tinsukia, is another famous Shiva temple. This temple is known for its numerous bells (tilinga) tied on the branches of a giant peepal tree by devotees whose wishes made at this temple are believed to have been fulfilled. The area also has Tea Estates. Marut Nandan Kanan Park is also a tourist attraction.
Some attractions of Tinsukia and its surrounding places are:
1.The Railway Heritage Museum of North East India is at Tinsukia.
2.The Dibru Saikhowa National Park is a biological hotspot of India.
3.The largest Railway Junction in Assam is at Tinsukia
4.Asia’s oldest oil-refinery, The Digboi Refinery is located a few kilometers from the city of Tinsukia at Digboi.
5.The incredible Hindu Temple, The Bell Temple or Tilinga Mandir is at Tinsukia
6.The Bherjan-Borajan-Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary, which is about a distance of 6 km.
7.The start point of the historical Stilwell Road, also known as Ledo Road, is connected.