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Champhai district,Mizoram

Champhai district is one of the eight districts of Mizoram state in India. The district is bounded on the north by Churachandpur district of Manipur state, on the west by Aizawl and Serchhip districts, and on the south and east by Myanmar. The district occupies an area of 3185.83 km². Champhai town is the administrative headquarters of the district.

History
Champhai was the headquarters of Lalbura Sailo, a Mizo Chief against whom the British Expedition of 1871-72 was directed. It was accorded the status of a fort during the British period.
Economy
The economy of Champhai is mainly on agricultural. It has a flatland measuring 113 kilometers long and 48 kilometers in width for wet rice cultivation which can produce 19,200[3] quintals of rice per year. 10,000 quintals of grape were cultivated in 2011 alone churning 20,000 bottles a year.These are the two main agricultural products. Champhai is also the main trading center of Mizoram with goods like clothes, silverware and electronics imported from Myanmar through the trading post in Zokhawthar
Climate
Champhai has a moderate climate. In winter the temperature varies from 10 °C to 20 °C and in summer, and between 15 °C and 30 °C in winter.
Education
Champhai College is the only higher center of education in the town. Bethel Mission School located on the northern edge of the town is a privately owned school from elementary to High School.
Tourism
Champhai is located in a very beautiful setting, with hills on all sides and a thriving culture. Some of the more interesting places you can visit during your trip to Champhai are:

  • Murlen National Park is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. About 15 species of mammals, 150 species of birds, 35 species of medicinal plants. 2 species of bamboos & 4 species of orchids so far have been recorded in this park.
  • Mura Puk is situated in Zote village, which is 10 km away from Champhai town. There are six caves at this site and these were the hiding place of the local villagers.
  • Rih dïl 27 Kilometers from Champhai near Zokhawthar in Myanmar is considered to be the passage of the souls to the eternal abode. The lake is around a kilometre long and 70 metres wide.
  • Thasiama Seno Neihna is a plateau on a rugged hillock measuring around 7.20 sq min near Vaphai village, which is 86 km away from Champhai.
    Fiara Tui is located about 65 km from Champhai and has its source in the Tan Tlang Mountain.
  • Mizo Hlakungpui Mual – is a monument commemorating the Mizo classical composers.It was set up in 1986.It is located at the southern edge of Khawbung village which is near Champhai.
  • Lamsial Puk is located very close to Farkawn village in the district of Champhai of the Mizoram state. It is believed that a huge fight took place at this site between two villages, during which a large number of villagers were killed.
  • Hnahlan is a grape growing area which is very close to Champhai with vineyards and beautiful climate.
  • Zokhawthar is a trading town 28 km from Champhai on the border with Myanmar.
  • Lianchhiari Tlang about 56 km from Champhai is a rocky ledge over a high cliff near the village of Dungtlang.
  • Tan Tlang is around 85 km from Champhai, it is 6356 ft above sea level located near Vaphai village
  • ” Lalruanga Lung” is located in N. Khawbung village, about 3 km from N.Khawbung( N.Khawbung is around 16 km from champhai). Lalruanga’s history is one of the most interesting and famous in Mizo Folktales. On this Rock (Lalruanga lung), legendary Lalruangas’ met his fateful end.