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Dhalai district,Tripura

Dhalai is an administrative district in the state of Tripura in India. The district headquarters are located at Ambassa. As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Tripura (out of 8), although it is the largest district in the State.

History
Dhalai District was created in the year of 1995 by bifurcating North Tripura District and including part of Amarpur Sub-Division of the South Tripura District. It was created keeping in view the administrative exigency of providing development & good governance to the largely Tribal & inaccessible areas. The District is named after Dhalai river which originates in the District.
Geography
Located in the North-eastern part of Tripura, the District covers an area of about 2426 km2. It is mainly located between two hills namely ‘Atharamura range’ and ‘Sakhan Range’. More than 70% area is hilly and forest covered. The terrain is mostly undulating and hilly with small water streams (chharas), rivers and fertile valleys intervening. Major rivers originating from Dhalai are Dhalai, Khowai, Gomati & Manu. Major hills are Atharamura, Longtharai, Kalajhari & part of Sakhan. The District headquarter at Ambassa is located at a distance of about 85 km from the State capital Agartala. The District is bordered by Bangladesh on the Northern & Southern sides. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) is currently exploring for natural gas reserves in the district in Salema block. The district falls in Seismic Zone 5 of India and is prone to landslides, thunderstorms and lightning strikes in summer and rainy seasons.
Climate
The District has Tropical climate with hot & humid summers, a prolonged rainy season and warm winters. Rains are also frequent in months of March and April. Maximum temperatures in summers & winters are 36 degree & 28 degree Celsius respectively. The minimum temperatures in summers & winters are 17 degree & 5.3 degree Celsius respectively.
Tourist Destinations
Dumboor Lake
Dumboor Lake is a charming water body located in Gandacherra Sub Division about 70 km away from Ambassa. The look of the lake is like tabour shaped small drum, “Dumboor” of Lord Shiva from which the name “Dumboor” originates. A massive and breathtaking water body of 41 km2. with an unending spell of luxuriant green vegetation all around stands majestic for her exceedingly charming beauty and 48 islands in the midst of the lake. The lake is the confluence of rivers Raima and Sarma. Various species of migratory birds are visible in the winter and it has rich reservoir of natural and cultured fishes. In one of the island “Narkel Kunja” or a coconut island has been developed.
Water Falls of Setrai
The climate in Setrai, which is about 40 km away from Ambassa, displays characteristics that are typical of the hilly and mountainous region. The change in the topographical features, heavy rainfall and altitude of the region also causes a change in the climatic conditions in Setrai. The seasonal rhythm and hilly view casts a mesmerizing charm on the visitors. The climate along with the other factors of the terrain and the soil are suitable conditions for horticulture in this village. Waterfalls at Sanaiya Reang Para under this VC add to the beauty of the surroundings. Six projects under BADP and MGNREGA have been taken up for construction of RCC step, RCC footbridge, Car parking place etc. near the waterfalls.
Longtharai Mandir
Longtharai is the name of Lord Shiva in Kokborok language, according to the Tribal dialect of Tripura. There is a myth which says that Shiva on his return from Kailash rested here for sometime in the hill of Longtharai. The hill is therefore known as Longtharai. Longtharai also means a Deep Valley. This temple is also one of the most popular tourist spot of the Dhalai District, located about 7 km from Ambassa at Srinibash Para in Kathalbari VC. There is another Longtharai Mandir at Kumardhan Para of Balaram VC, located on a hill top at 1330 feet height, which can be reached after a short trek. The place offers a great view of the surrounding area. There is annual mela organised by the devotess at both the temples on the occasion of Shiv Ratri.
Kamaleswari Mandir
The temple is situated in the Kamalpur Nagar Panchayat of the Dhalai District. This Temple is located in the center of the town and a major pilgrimage spot. Kamaleswari is another name of Goddess Kali. Kamalpur the largest Sub-divisional Town has been named after the temple. Kamaleswari Mandir is about 35 km away from Ambassa,District H.Q of Dhalai and 122 km from Agartala the State capital of Tripura.
Manu Eco Park
This is a forest park developed by Forest Department. It has a nice walking path and wooden huts to rest. It has a great view of a nearby river with variety of flowering plants and large trees.
Plantations at Kathalcherra, Manu block
East and West Kathalcherra villages of Manu block have systematic and extensive plantations of rubber, banana, pineapple, mango, litchi, jackfruit, orange, lemon and other fruit trees along with big water bodies created for irrigation and fisheries.
Achievements and Special Mentions
Dhalai was one of the first districts to implement MGNREGS and Aadhaar enrolment. For the financial year 2014-15, the District was the highest in the country in generating average person-days, at 99, of wage labour generated under the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme under the National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005. The 35th Shodh Yatra was organised at Gandacherra in the district from 13 May to 18 May 2015.