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Chikballapura district,Karnataka

Chikballapura district is a district in the state of Karnataka, India. In 2007, it was carved out of the pre-existing Kolar district by moving the talukas of Gauribidanur, Gudibanda, Bagepalli, Chikballapur, Sidlaghatta and Chintamani into the new district.

The town of Chikballapur is the district headquarters and a key transport link in the North Bangalore area. The north-south six-lane National Highway 7 (NH-7) as well as the East-West State Highway 58 go through the district. A rail line runs north from Bangalore to the town of Chikballapur, east past Doddaganjur to Srinivaspur and south to the town of Kolar.

Towns and Attractions

The town of Muddenahalli is the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya)is the site of the Sri Sathya Sai Baba University.

The Nandi Hills and Nandi Fort (Nandi Durga) are situated within the Chikballapur taluk. Many historic temples are situated in the district, particularly in the town of Chikballapur.

The Dargha Of Hazrath Miskeen Shah vali Chikkaballapur

Jibin fort is also situated near nandi hills

History

According to a popular legend, the Marigowda, the son of the chief Avathimalla Biregowda, was hunting one day in the Kodimanchanahalli forest. He found a rabbit standing fearlessly in front of hunting dogs. Excited by this, the chief told his son that it was a sign of the boldness of the local people. So, he obtained permission from the king of Vijayanagara and built a fort and a town. This in course of time developed into the town of Chickballapur. During the rule of Baichegowda, the king of Mysore attacked the fort but had to withdraw due to the interference of Marathas. Dodda Byregowda, who came to power after Baichegowda, resumed control of the territories seized earlier by Mysore. In 1762, during the rule of Chikkappanayaka, Hyder Ali laid siege the town for a period of three months. Then Chikkappanayaka agreed to pay 5-lakhs pagodas, and the army was withdrawn.

After this, Chikkappa Nayaka with the help of Murariraya of Gooty tried to get back his powers. He was hiding at Nandi hills along with Chikkappa Nayaka. Immediately Hyder Ali took Chickballapur and other places and arrested Chikkappa Nayaka. Then with interfere of Lord Cornwallis, Chickballapur was handed over to Narayanagowda.some sources suggest that lord cornvallis visited the temple of shiva in peresandra which is 18 km off of chikkaballapur.in few references British text suggest that peresandra has a tremendous history After knowing this, Tipu Sultan again acquired Chikballapur. In 1791 British occupied Nandi & left Narayanagowda to rule the town. Due to this fight between Britishers and Tipu Sultan again started. Narayanagowda lost his administration. Later on the British defeated Tipu Sultan. Chickballapur also came under the administration of Wodeyars of Mysore, which is now a part of Karnataka.