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Dakshina Kannada district,Karnataka

Dakshina Kannada is a coastal district in the state of Karnataka in India. Sheltered by the Western Ghats on the east and surrounded by the Arabian Sea on the west, Dakshina Kannada receives abundant rainfall during the monsoon.It is bordered by Udupi District to the north, Chikkamagaluru district to the northeast, Hassan District to the east, Kodagu to the southeast, and Kasaragod District in Kerala to the south.Mangalore city is the district headquarters of Dakshina Kannada.

The district is divided into five talukas namely Mangalore, Bantwal, Puttur, Sullia, and Belthangady.It used to include 4 northern talukas, Udupi, Kundapur, Karkala and Byndoor, but these were separated in August 1997 to form Udupi district.Dakshina Kannada, Udupi and Kasaragod are often called Tulu Nadu, as Tulu is the majority language in the region.The Alupas ruled this region between the 8th and 14th century CE as a feudatory of all the major Kannada empires of those times and it is for this reason that the Tulu speaking districts are a part of Karnataka.

Important towns in Dakshina Kannada include Mangalore, Bantwal, Vittal, Puttur, Sullia, Surathkal, Moodabidri, Uppinangady, Venur, Mulki, Dharmasthala, Ujire, Belthangady and Subramanya.The district is known for pristine beaches, red clay roof tiles (Mangalore tiles), cashew nut and its products, banking, education, healthcare and exotic cuisine.

History

Before 1860, Dakshina Kannada was part of a district called Kanara, which was under a single administration in the Madras Presidency.In 1860, the British split the area into South Kanara and North Kanara, the former being retained in the Madras Presidency, while the latter was made a part of Bombay Province in 1862.Kundapura taluk was earlier included in North Kanara, but was re-included in South Kanara later.During the Reorganisation of States in 1956, Kasaragod was split and transferred to the newly created Kerala state and Dakshina Kannada was transferred to Mysore state (present day Karnataka).

South Canara was a district under the British empire which included the present Dakshina Kannada, Udupi, Kasaragod districts and Aminidivi islands.[12][16] Canara district was bifurcated in 1859 to form North Canara and South Canara.Dakshina Kannada became a district of Mysore State in 1956 which later was renamed Karnataka in 1973. Kasaragod became a district of Kerala during the Re-organization of States and Aminidivi islands later became a part of Lakshadweep.The Udupi district was formed from the northern taluks of Dakshina Kannada in 1997.Later, the Karnataka Government, for the purpose of administration, split the greater Dakshina Kannada district into Udupi and present day Dakshina Kannada districts on 15 August 1997.Three taluks of the former district namely Udupi, Karkala and Kundapura formed the new Udupi district.

Historic sites
The following are the historic places to visit in Dakshina Kannada:

  • Mangaladevi Temple : Mangalore was named after the Hindu deity Mangaladevi.
  • Venur : Monolithic Bahubali statue.
  • Kadri : Temple of Lord Sri Manjunatha.
  • Shree Amrutheshwara Temple, Vamanjoor: Temple of Lord Shiva.
  • Moodabidri : Site of the ancient Jain temples and the Bhattaraka seat.
  • Krishnapura matha : One of the matha (monastery) belonging to ashta matha of Udupi.
  • Dharmasthala : Temple of Lord Sri Manjunatheshwara is located here.
  • Kateel : Temple of Goddess Sri Durga Parameshwari
  • Kudroli : Gokarnanatheshwars Temple.
  • Mundkur : Sri Durga Parameshwari Temple.
  • Karinjeshwara Temple : Temple of Lord Shiva Parvati on a huge rock.
  • Ullal : Known for the Ullal beach and Someshwara beach.
  • Kukke Subramanya : Temple of the serpent Lord Subramanya is located here.
  • Mulki : Durgaparameshwari Temple.
  • St Aloysius Chapel, Mangalore.
  • Milagres Church, Mangalore
  • Sayyed Madani Mosque and Dargah, Ullal.
  • Sultan Battery, Mangalore
  • Puttur : Temple of Lord Sri Mahalingeshwara is located here.
  • Vittal : Temple of the Panchalingeshwara temple is located here.
  • Uppinangadi : Sahasralingeshwara temple.
  • Kepu,Ananthadi,Balnadu: Known for goddess ullalthi temple and its unique heritage.
  • Somanatheswar Temple : Someshwara, Ullal.
  • Summer Sand Beach Resort at Ullal
  • Pilikula Nisargadhama : Pilikula, Moodushedde, Mangalore.
  • Kudupu temple : Kudupu,Mangalore.
  • Kumbladi Balasubrahmanya.
  • Charvaka Kapileshwara devastana.
  • Shri Kshetra Daipila.
  • Masjidu Thaqwa Pumpwell Mangaluru.
  • Bellye Palli (Big Masjid) Bunder Mangaluru