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Kalaburagi district,Karnataka

Kalaburagi (officially Kalaburagi City, also known as Gulbarga)is a city in the Indian state of Karnataka, India. It is the administrative headquarters of the Kalaburagi District and a major city of the North Karnataka region. Kalaburagi is 623 km north of the state capital of Bengaluru and 220 km from Hyderabad. Although previously part of Hyderabad State, it was incorporated into a newly formed Mysore State (now known as Karnataka) through the States Reorganisation Act in 1956.

Kalaburagi is famous for toordal Pigeon pea and the limestone deposits are more in Kalaburagi District. As per data released by Govt. of India for Census 2011, Kalaburagi is an Urban Agglomeration coming under category of Class I UAs/Towns. Kalaburagi city is governed by Municipal Corporation and is in Kalaburagi Urban Region. It is a rapidly urbanizing city which comes under Kalaburagi Metropolitan area. The city is well known for its many places of architectural, historical and religious importance.

It is called one of the Sufi cities having famous religious places, like Khwaja Banda Nawaz Dargah and Ladle Mashak in Aland taluk of Kalaburagi District. Every year during urs of hazrat banda nawaz people come from all India, far cities like Mumbai, Hyderabad, Lucknow, etc. and it has many other famous places like Sharana Basaveshwara Temple and Buddha Vihar. It also has a fort built during Bahmani rule. Has many domes like Hafth Gumbad (seven domes together) and Chor Gumbad.

History

The recorded history of Gulbarga dates to the 6th century. The Rashtrakutas gained control over the area, but the Chalukyas regained their domain within a short period and reigned supreme for over 200 years. The Kalaharis who succeeded them ruled until the 12th century. Around the end of the 12th century, the Yadavas of Devagiri and the Hoysalas of Dwarasamadra destroyed the supremacy of the Chalukyas and Kalachuris. Around the same period, the Kakatiya kings of Warangal came into prominence and the present Gulbarga and Raichur districts formed part of their domain. The Kakatiya power was subdued in 1321 AD and the entire Deccan, including the district of Gulbarga, passed under the control of the Delhi Sultanate.

The revolt of the officers appointed from Delhi resulted in the founding of the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347 CE by Zafar Khan Hasan Gangu, who chose Gulbarga (called Ahasanabad) to be the capital. When the Bahmani dynasty came to an end in 1428, the kingdom broke up into five independent Sultanates, Bijapur, Bidar, Berar, Ahmednager, and Golconda. The present Gulbarga/Gulbarga district came partly under Bidar and partly under Bijapur. The last of these sultanates, Golconda, finally fell to Aurangzeb in 1687.

With the conquest of the Deccan by Aurangezeb in the 17th century, Gulbarga passed under the Mughal Empire. In the early part of the 18th century, with the decline of the Mughal Empire, Asaf Jha, one of Aurangzeb’s generals, formed the Hyderabad State, in which a major part of the Gulbarga area was also included. In 1948, Hyderabad State became a part of the Indian Union, and in 1956, excluding two talukas which were annexed to Andhra Pradesh, Gulbarga district became part of new Mysore State.

Gulbarga (Urdu) (city of flowers and gardens) was renamed Kalaburagi (Kannada) (Kala-Art/Bura-Bad, Strong Stone Fort)[citation needed]) effective 1 November 2014.

Geography
The entire district is on the Deccan Plateau, and the elevation ranges from 300 to 750 m above MSL. Two main rivers, the Krishna and Bhima, flow through the district. The predominant soil type is black soil. The district has many tanks, which irrigate the land along with the river. The Upper Krishna Project is a major irrigation venture in the district of Jowar. The main crops are groundnuts, rice, and pulses. Kalaburagi is the largest producer of toor dal, or pigeon peas, in Karnataka. Kalaburagi is an industrially backward district but is showing signs of growth in the cement, textile, leather and chemical industries. Kalaburagi has a university with Medical and Engineering Colleges. The geographical area of the city is 64 square kilometres.
Tourism
Gulbarga is located in India GulbargaGulbarga Hyderabad 230 km (140 mi)Hyderabad 230 km (140 mi) Bengaluru 623 km (387 mi)Bengaluru 623 km (387 mi) Mumbai 536 km (333 mi)Mumbai 536 km (333 mi) Chennai 596 km (370 mi)Chennai 596 km (370 mi)
Distance from major Metropolitan cities near to Gulbarga.
There are many attractions in Kalaburagi: Bahmani fort, Tomb of first Bahmani Sultan Hasan, Government Museum, Holkonda fort, Ferozabad fort, Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Shri Kshetra Ganagapur (Ganagapur), a well-known pilgrimage site of the god Shri Sadguru Dattatreya Narasimha Saraswati, Sri Hulakantheshwar Temple (Herur B), and the Ghathargi Bhagayavanti Temple (Afzalpur Taluk), on the bank of the Bhima River.
Chor Gumbad: The beauty of Chor Gumbad, is not merely in its fine stucco, but its “environmental setting”. The lone tomb is deliberately chosen to be built west of the Gulbarga fort, atop the hill. The tomb has some of the finest stucco on its ceilings and the jalis (now mostly broken). Chor Gumabd does not house a grave, but is perhaps a victory monument. It is a unique and beautifully set piece of architecture.
The tomb has an entrance to the east, facing the Gulbarga fort. The ceiling of the dome is decorated with a band of stucco scrolls, from which emerge large leaf shaped tree motifs filled with scrolls. There are steps that lead to an upper corridor screened by jalis (now mostly broken and vandalised), evidently meant for ladies of the Bahmani court. Further on the rooftop are chhatris, like miniature tombs on the four corners with domes and small corner minarets.
Sufi Saints
Places of religious importance in Gulbarga include the Khwaja Banda Nawaz Dargah, Sharanabasaveshwar Temple, Buddha Vihar and Sheikh Roza Dargah. Devotees from all over the world visit these places of worship every year.
Places of interest

  • Sharanabasaveshwara Temple
  • Khwaja Banda Nawaz Dargah
  • Buddha Vihara
  • Gulbarga Fort
  • Sharanabasaveshwara Lake
  • Jumma Masjid (Gulbarga Fort)
  • Sheikh Roza Dargah
  • District Science centre