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Shivamogga district,Karnataka

Shivamogga district is a district in the Karnataka state of India. A major part of Shimoga district lies in the Malnad region of the Western Ghats. Shivamogga city is its administrative centre. Jog Falls is a major tourist attraction. As of 2011 Shimoga district has a population of 1,755,512.There are seven taluks: Bhadravathi, Hosanagar, Sagar, Shimoga, Shikaripur, Sorab, Thirthahalli.

Also there is a Proposal of creating Sagar District out of Shimoga District for betterment of Administration and development of Sagara Division.This includes Sagar, Hosanagar, Shikaripur, and Sorab talukas.

History

The name of the city is derived from the term “shivmoga”, “History behind the city name due to story that the Lord Shiva drunk Tunga river water using Mogge at the city, hence the city name Shiva-mogga”. An alternative etymology is that the name is derived from the term “Sihi-Mogge”, meaning “sweet pot”. The district formed the southern tip of Emperor Ashoka’s Mauryan Empire in the third century BC.[citation needed] It was ruled during later centuries by the Kadambas (4th century), Chalukyas (6th century), Gangas, Rashtrakutas (8th century), Hoysalas (11th century), and the Vijayanagara rulers (15th century). The city got an independent identity under the Keladi Nayaka rule during the 16th century[citation needed], reaching its pinnacle under the rule of Shivappa Nayaka. From the late 17th century onwards, the city was a part of the Kingdom of Mysore until the independence of India in 1947, when Mysore merged into the Republic of India.

On 1 November 2006, the government of Karnataka announced the renaming of Shimoga to “Shivamogga”, along with nine other cities in the state. Center government have approved (12 cities) this request by mid on October 2014 and Shimoga is renamed “Shivamogga” on 1 November 2014.

Geography

According to the Shimoga City Municipal Corporation,the city has a total area of about 50 km2 (19 sq mi). The climate is tropical wet and dry (Köppen climate classification) summer average temperature 20–35 °C (68–95 °F). This means that the winter and the early part of summer are typically dry periods. The majority of the rainfall occurs between June and early October. Shimoga is a part of a region known as Malnad (land of hills) in Karnataka. Most/all these hills are part of the Western Ghats, a region known for plentiful rainfall and lush greenery and declared during 2012 as a World Heritage site.

Tunga River flows through Shivamogga and Bhadra River flows through Bhadravathi.

In Karnataka Budget 2013-14, Shimoga City Municipal Council upgraded to City Corporation.

The City Municipal Councils of Shimoga, Tumkur and Bijapur upgraded to city corporations.

The presidents and vice-presidents of the City Municipal Councils (CMCs) of Shimoga, Tumkur and Bijapur, which have been upgraded as corporations, will don the role of mayor and deputy mayor and the members will become corporators.

The State government on Friday 20 December 2013 gazetted the notification upgrading three CMCs as corporations. The State Cabinet in September this year had given its nod for giving the three CMCs the status of corporations as their population has crossed the three-lakh mark as per the 2011 census.

The government is likely to grant Rs 100 crore each for the development of these corporations.

With the upgrading of the CMCs, the total number of corporations in the State will rise to 11. The others corporation city in state are: Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Gulbarga, Hubli-Dharwad, Belgaum, Davangere and Bellary.

Places of importance in and around Shivamogga

  • Shivappa Nayaka’s palace is located within the city.
  • Kote Seetharamanjaneya temple near Shivappa Nayaka palace.
  • Gajanur dam lies 15 km or 9 mi to the southwest.
  • Koodli lies 15 km away and is the place where the Tunga and Bhadra rivers meet and flow together as Tungabhadraa.
  • Tyavarekoppa Lion and Tiger Safari lies 12 km on the way to Sagara. Safari drives are conducted by forest department.
  • Sakkare Bayalu, elephant training camp 2 km away from Gajanur Dam on the way to Thirthahalli.
  • A Shiva statue made of concrete,on river banks is installed at Harakere, near Shivamogga.
  • Mandagadde Bird Sanctuary, near Thirthahalli is home to wide variety of water birds.
  • Guddekal has Subrahmanya Temple near Tunga River on Holehonnur Road.
  • Gudde Mardi is a small hill near Shivamogga city.
  • Sigandur
  • Notable people

  • B. S. Yeddyurappa, Member of Parliament (Shivamogga), Former Chief Minister of Karnataka
  • Sarekoppa Bangarappa, (26 October 1933 – 26 December 2011) was an Indian politician who was the 12th Chief Minister of Karnataka from 1990 to 1992.
  • K. S. Eshwarappa, Ex-State BJP President, former Deputy chief minister of Karnataka.
  • Khadi Shankarappa, veteran freedom fighter.
  • Justice M. Rama Jois, former Chief Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court, former member of Rajya Sabha, former Governor of Jharkhand and Bihar states and a senior advocate in the Supreme Court of India.
  • Shimoga Subbanna, Kannada Sugama Sangeetha singer and playback singer.
  • Sudeep, actor and director of Kannada cinema.
  • Ashok Pai, psychiatrist and writer.
  • Kuppali venkatappa puttappa (Kuvempu) [(writer)] Jnanpith Awardee
  • G.S Shivarudrappa [(writer)]