Anuppur District is an administrative district in Shahdol Division of Madhya Pradesh state in central India.
The district has an area of 3701 km², and a population of 667,155 (2001 Census). 309,624 people are from scheduled tribes and 48,376 are scheduled castes. The District is bordered by Koriya District of Chhattisgarh state on the east, Bilaspur District of Chhattisgarh on the southeast, Dindori District of Madhya Pradesh on the southwest, Umaria District of Madhya Pradesh on the west, and Shahdol District on the northwest and north. The administrative headquarters of the district is Anuppur. The district has one Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya at Amarkantak which is the origin of two rivers i.e. Narmada & Son. The District was created on 15 August 2003 out of Shahdol District. It is part of Shahdol Division.
Anuppur District is mostly hilly and forested. The Narmada River originates from the hill of Amarkantak in the Maikal Hills, and the Son River originates nearby.
Anuppur is located at 23.1°N 81.68°E.It has an average elevation of 505 metres (1656 feet). The Son River and some of its tributaries run through Anuppur.According to 2001 Census, the total population of Anuppur District is 667155, out of which 309624 are Scheduled tribes and 48376 are Scheduled castes. In this manner, Anuppur District is a tribal dominated district.
Vernaculars spoken in Anuppur include Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi(compared to 60% for German and English)and is spoken by about 7,800,000 people in Bagelkhand.
Anuppur is a town in southeastern Madhya Pradesh state of central India. It is the administrative headquarters of Anuppur District. Previously, it is Shahdol district.
From Geographical point of view, the District consists of a series of mountain ranges and rivers. It can be divided into three geographical divisions. 1. High lands of mountain ranges. 2. The Central plateau . 3. Low lands of rivers :- A number of rivers Including Son, Johila, Narmada, Tipan, Bakan, Chandas and Kewai flow in the district, Maikal mountain range is extended from southern part of the district to the eastern part.
Total literacy Percentage of District is 57.75 in which male is 69.55 and for female it is 45.45.
Literacy rate of the District Anuppur :-
Increase in population
In year 1991, Total Population of district was 4,97,955 During last decades increase in Population is 667155.
From 1951 to 1961, 1961 to 1971,1971 to 1981 and 1981 to 1991, the increase in Population was 6.96, 11.81, 21.10 and 29.64 respectivily.
Climate and Rains
The climate of the District is temperate. It rains from June to October in the District. The temperature remains the highest in the month of June and the lowest in the Month of January. The maximum and minimum temperature of the District remains 46oC and 2.6oC respectively.
One third of the District consists of forest area. Sal Amla, Teak, Sarai and Shisham are the main trees found in this District. The flower of Mahua and Guli provide edible oil. Mahua flower is mostly used for making wine by tribal people.
Mines and minerals
District Anuppur is very rich in its mineral resources. Minerals found in district are coal, Bauxite and fire clay. Most of the coalmines are located in Kotma Sub Division. Amarkantak in known for its Bauxite deposits.
According to the 1998 Survey, there are 106 industries ( Large Scale & Small Scale ) in the whole District. The Orient paper Mill and Soda Factory are situated in Amlai. Small Scale industries of polythene and Baskets of Bamboo are also run in the District. There is a Bidi Factory in Venkatnagar.
Amarkantak Thermal Power Plant is established for the production of electricity. 94% villages of the District have been electrified. Chachai Power House has total generating capacity of 210 MW.
Road is the main means of Transportation. Matelic Road is about 741.67 km. and Kachhi Road is about 1355.47 km. Railway Facility is available for Katni, Chirimiri and Bilaspur route.
Post and telecommunication
There are one 111 Post Offices and their branches working in the whole District. There are 6 Telegram Offices. The District has 2038 Telephone Connection.
Besides one District Hospital, there are 5 Community Health Centers, 17 Primary Health Centers, 12 Ayurvedic Dispensaries and 174 Sub-Health Centers Working in the District.
There are 8 Veterinary Hospitals in the District. There are 34 Official inseminations Centre in the District. Besides these there are 9 Police Stations and 1 Police Post.