Jabalpur District is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in central India. The city of Jabalpur is the administrative headquarters of the district.
The area of the district is 46,160 km² with of population 2,167,469 (2001 census). Jabalpur District is located in the Mahakoshal region of Madhya Pradesh, on the divide between the watersheds of Narmada and the Son, but mostly within the valley of the Narmada, which here runs through the famous gorge known as the Marble rocks, and falls 30 ft. over a rocky ledge (the Dhuan dhar, or misty shoot ). It consists of a long narrow plain running north-east and south-west, and shut in on all sides by highlands. This plain, which forms an offshoot from the great valley of the Narmada, is covered in its western and southern portions by a rich alluvial deposit of black cotton-soil. At Jabalpur city the soil is black cotton soil, and water plentiful near the surface. The north and east belong to basin of the Son River, a tributary of the Ganges and Yamuna, the south and west to the Narmada basin. The district is traversed by the main railway from Mumbai to Kolkata, and by branches of two other lines which meet at Katni junction.
As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Madhya Pradesh (out of 50), after Indore
The district is part of Jabalpur Division. Jabalpur is located at 23°10’N 79°57’E / 23.17°N 79.95°E. The central point of India is located in Jabalpur district. It has an average elevation of 411 metres (1348 ft)
According to the 2011 census Jabalpur District has a population of 2,460,714,roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada.This gives it a ranking of 180th in India (out of a total of 640).The district has a population density of 472 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,220/sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.39%.Jabalpur has a sex ratio of 925 females for every 1000 males,and a literacy rate of 82.47%.Hindus are majority religion in Jabalpur district with 87.65%, Muslims with 8.27% and rest of Jains, Sikhs and Christians.
People speak multiple languages, including: Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi(compared to 60% for German and English)and is spoken by about 1,08,59,405 people in Bagelkhand and madhya pradesh ;and Bharia, a Dravidian language spoken by at least 200,000 members of the Bharia tribe and written in the Devanagari script.
Jabalpur is an important educational centre of the Madhya Pradesh state. Jabalpur have Rani Durgavati University, Jawahar Lal Nehru Krishi University , Madhya Pradesh Pashu Chikitsa University, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Medical College , Madhya Pradesh Ayurvigyan University and Maharshi Mahesh Yogi Vedic University. Good educational institutes in Jabalpur include Govt. Engineering College , Medical College, Government M.H. College of Home Science and Science, Law Colleges, Post Graduate and under-Graduate Colleges.The Indian Institute of Information Technology , Design & Manufacturing (IIITDM) Jabalpur was established in January 2005. Institute would serve as an inter-disciplinary institution for education and research by keeping the concept of Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) in mind.
It has some very reputed and old schools. Some of the schools are more than a century old. Apart from these educational institutions there a number of institutes offering various professional courses in Computers, Fashion Designing, Fine Arts etc.