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Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh

Rewa is a city in the north-eastern part Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the administrative center of Rewa District and Rewa Division. It is the former capital of the princely state of Rewa and the former state of Vindhya Pradesh. The city lies about 420 kilometres (261 mi) northeast of the state capital Bhopal and 130 kilometres (81 mi) south of the city of Allahabad. Rewa derives its name from another name for the Narmada River. Rewa is connected to Allahabad via NH 27 and Sidhi, Satna, Maihar and Varansi via NH-7. Rewa is known for its limestone resources.

Geography

Rewa lies between 240 18’ and 250 12’ north latitudes and 810 2’ and 820 18’.The district is bounded on the north by Uttar Pradesh, on the east and southeast by Sidhi, on the south by Shahdol, and on the west by Satna. It is part of Rewa Division and has an area of 6,240 km2.

The Huzur, Sirmour and Mauganj tehsils lie between the Kaimur Range in the south, and the Binjh pahar in the north, and form what is known as the Rewa plateau or uprihar. To the north lies the Teonther tehsil which is quite different in its physical and other features from the plateau tehsils. The Rewa plateau decreases in height from south to north. In the south, the Kaimur Range rises to more than 450 meters above sea level, whereas the alluvial plain of Teonthor is just 100 meters above sea level.

The district has a varied terrain that includes alluvial plains, hills, ravines, scarp, rivers, and water-falls. The rain-water of the district flows out along two tributary rivers of the Ganges, the Tons or Tamas and the Son.The Bichiya River flows through the heart of Rewa city.

The Tamsa or Tons and its tributaries form waterfalls as they descend from the Rewa Plateau, including: the Chachai Falls (127m) on the Bihar River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Keoti Falls (98m) on the Mahana River, a tributary of the Tamsa, the Odda Falls (145m) on the Odda River, a tributary of the Belah River, which is itself a tributary of the Tamsa, Bahuti fall on Chataniha river beside Misirgawan village,and the Purwa Falls (70m) on the Tamsa or Tons.

History

The district derives its name from Rewa town, the district headquarters, which is another name for the Narmada River. The district with its present boundaries came into existence in 1950 after the promulgation of the Provinces and states (Transfer of ENCLAVES) order 1950. Prior to August 1947 the district, along with the Raghurajnagar tehsil of the erstwhile Rewa state, corresponded to the north Rewa district of that state. The territories now included in the district were held by the imperial Maurya dynasty which ruled in the 3rd century B.C. In the advent of the Kalchuris from the 9th to the end of 12th century. The Baghela king driven eastwards by Ulugh Khan, brother of the emperor Alauddin in the 13th century appeared in this Baghela kings till the abdication of the Crown by the last successor of the dynasty, Martand Singh. After the country became independent, the Rewa ruler acceded to the Union of India. The present Rewa district came into existence in 1950.

Before independence, hunting tiger was considered honorable in India. Once the Rewa King went for hunting, and he found very odd white colored tiger, who was named Mohan. Later Mohan was sent to others to continue his breed and today all white tigers are Mohan’s heir. This is why Rewa is much more famous in the entire State. A famous Rewa leader, Shri Nivaas Tiwari, was called White Tiger of Rewa. Authorities have planned now to make a zoo in Rewa for the name of White Tiger which has been under dispute. Now the first white tiger safari cum Zoo is established by National zoo Authority of India in “Mukundpur”, which is ready for opening.

FREEDOM STRUGGLE 1906-1942 : During the latest backstage drama unfolding at the center regarding the specified enclosure of files regarding Subash Chandra Bose case . The central committee on pre-independence files recently enlisted the series of 124 books and authors who were prevented by British Raj from doing any revolutionary activities all over India . Rewa also got to hear a truly inspiring story which was earlier unknown. Martand Press Of Rewa run by Pandit Ram Bharose Awasthi was instrumental in publishing India’s first national anthem and national song ‘Vande-Mataram’ in 1927 which was distributed in the Tripuri session of Congress in Jabalpur.This led to the seizure of printed books from Allahabad and Jabalpur and the revolutionary activities were crushed.

Tourism
Deorkothar(or Deur Kothar) is known for its Buddhist stupas and may have been established by the Maurya king Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. In ancient times the site was located on the Dakshinapatha (Southern Trade Route) running east-west from Pataliputra (Patna) to Pratishthana in Maharashtra through Central India.
Notable people

  • Rajendra Shukla current state government Mining & Energy Minister
  • Ram Kishore Shukla former state government Speaker, Dy Speaker, Cabinet Minister
  • Sriniwas Tiwari, former state government Speaker and Minister