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Ambala district,Haryana

Ambala district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in the country of India with Ambala town serving as the administrative headquarters of the district. It borders district Yamunanagar to the east, district Sirmaur and district Panchkula to the north, district Mohali and district Patiala to the west, and the district of Kurukshetra to the south.

History
It is said that Ambala District was founded by Amba Rajput during the 14th century AD.Another version is that the name is a corruption of Amba Wala meaning the mango-village, from mango groves which existed in its immediate neighborhood. Still, another version is that the District has taken its name after goddess “Bhawani Amba” whose Temple still exists in Ambala city.
The Ambala Cantonment
Ambala Cantonment was established in 1843 after the British were forced to leave its Karnal Cantonment following the malaria epidemic of 1841–42 in as there were not any known effective means to control malaria epidemic in those days. The cantonment houses the ‘2 Corps’, one of the three Strike Corps of the Indian Army.
European Cemetery
Ambala Cantonment is location of historic Ambala European Cemetery.
Formation Ambala district
Ambala was given the status of a district in 1847, formed by the merging of the jagir estates of hitherto independent chieftains whose territories had lapsed or had been confiscated by the British Indian Government. In its 160 years of existence as a district, Ambala has witnessed many changes in its boundaries. Previously it extended across tehsils of Ambala, Saphera, Jagadhri, Pipli, Kharar, Ropar and Nalagarh. Kalka-cum-Kurari State, Pinjore, Mani Majra, Kasauli & Sanawar were also merged into the district at different times.
Ambala Air Force Base
Ambala Air Force Base is one of the oldest and largest airbases that were inherited from the British by the IAF. It was from this airbase that Spitfires and Harvards flown by Instructors of the Advanced Flying Training School took part in the 1947-48 Kashmir Operations. Subsequently, Ambala was the front line airfield for many years. It was home to various aircraft that were inducted into the Indian Air Force. Vampires, Ouragans, Hunters, etc. all flew from this base. The airbase was briefly attacked in 1965 by B-57 bombers of the Pakistan Air Force. Today, the Airbase houses the ‘7 Wing’ with squadrons of Jaguars and MiG-21 Bisons. A unit of the French-made Dassault Rafale will be based at Ambala air base.
Hanging of Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin Nathuram Godse
In November 1949 Mahatma Gandhi’s assassin, Nathuram Godse was hanged at Ambala Central Jail along with Narayan Apte, a co-conspirator. Ambala Cantt is also mentioned in Kim (novel) by Rudyard Kipling.
Entertainment
Movie halls

  • Fun Cinemas, Galaxy Mall Ambala City
  • Minerva Complex, Big Bazaar, Ambala Cantt
  • Capital Cinema, Ambala Cantt
  • Nigar Cinema Hall, Ambala Cantt
  • Notable residents

  • Hansraj Behl
  • Juhi Chawla
  • Parineeti Chopra
  • Swadesh Deepak
  • Navneet Kaur Dhillon
  • Karan Singh Grover
  • Amit Gupta – writer and journalist
  • Nasir Kazmi
  • Sucheta Kriplani
  • Kim Philby
  • Saghar Siddiqui – poet
  • Sushma Swaraj
  • Zeba
  • Zohrabai Ambalewali