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Bokaro district,Jharkhand

Bokaro district is one of the most industrialized zone in India. It is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India. It was established in 1991 by carving out one subdivision consisting of two blocks from Dhanbad District and six blocks from Giridih District. Bokaro Steel City is the district headquarters. The district has a population of about 2 million (2011 census). Bokaro is famous for its Steel Plant which is the biggest in Asia. It is the fourth integrated public sector steel plant in India built with Soviet help. It is also famous for its quality educational system. Besides,it is also a popular tourist destination for people from Eastern Region and also foreigners. Bokaro houses companies like Steel Authority of India, Bharat Refractories Limited, Hindustan Steelworks Construction Limited, Damodar Valley Corporation, subsidiaries of Coal India Limited, Electrosteel Castings Limited, Bokaro Power Supply Company Pvt. Limited (BPSCL), Indian Explosive Limited, Jaypee Group, Oil and Natural Gas Corporation and many more. Some big corporates are also setting up there industries here, such as – ArcelorMittal 12ml/t steel plant, Posco 3ml/t steel plant and SAIL greenfield steel plant of 12 ml/t are coming soon around the city. In the next five Bokaro alone contribute half of the steel production of the country. Bokaro industrial area is located in Bokaro steel city established by state public sector BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority). Around 500 SSI units are situated in this industrial area and they are having good infrastructural support Bokaro Steel City is also the Police HQ of Chhotanagpur Division. The Chief Executive of the district is the Deputy Commissioner (District Magistrate/Collector). The present Deputy Commissioner is Mr. Rai Mahimapat Ray- an officer of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS).

Geography

Bokaro district covers a geographical area of 2883 km². The average altitude of the land is 210 metres from mean sea level.

The district has a maze of valleys and sub-valleys formed by the River Damodar and its tributaries. They form an important source of water for the industries and townships which have sprung up on its banks in the last few decades. Some hills and hillocks rise above the gentle valley making it a panoramic landscape to view.

The population is drawn from all parts of India. The population is well educated and urbane. The population was 1,777,662 in 2001 census, growing to 2,062,330 in 2011.

Economy

Bokaro Steel Plant Bokaro district has a large steel plant, Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), controlled by the Steel Authority of India Limited; and several other medium and small industries. The district has already emerged prominently on the industrial map of India.

Electrosteel Castings Limited Apart from the existing Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL), the district has Electrosteel Castings Limited (EIL) in Chandankiyari(15 km from the City) which is expected to commence production soon.

Bokaro Power Supply Corporation Private Limited, BPSCL Power Plant is located in the premises of Bokaro Steel Plant (BSL) and has an aggregate installed capacity to generate 302MW of power besides 660 Tonne per Hour (TPH) of steam.The Plant has 8 boilers (5 boilers each of 220 TPH and 3 boilers each of 260 TPH capacity) and 6 turbine generators (one 12 MW back Pressure Turbine Generator (TG), 2 TGs each of 55MW capacity and 3 TGs each of 60 MW capacity).

BIADA The primary economy is supplemented by BIADA (Bokaro Industrial Area Development Authority) governing three districts, namely, Bokaro, Dhanbad, and Giridih — which is an industrial area supplying most of the industrial supplies for the large, medium and small companies, and there are some small mills making finished products out of steel as well as cement from the slag. BIADA is administratively controlled by Managing Director (MD) BIADA who is a senior officer of the IAS. Presently Mr. Rajkamal Arava is the MD of BIADA since February 2013.

Thermal Power Plants Apart from these units Bokaro also has large Thermal Power Plants-

  • Bokaro Thermal(BTPS)
  • Tenughat Thermal(TTPS)
  • Chandrapura Thermal(CTPS)
  • and New one SAIL-DVC Thermal.

    Indian Explosive Limited Gumia is famous for its biggest explosive plant in India.

    In 2006 the Indian government named Bokaro one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).