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Deoghar district,Jharkhand

Deoghar district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state in eastern India, and Deoghar town is the administrative headquarters of this district. This district is known for the Baidyanath Jyotirlinga shrine. This district is part of Santhal Pargana division.

History
The district was formed on 1 June 1983 by separating Deoghar sub-division of the erstwhile Santhal Parganas district.
Geography

Deogarh district is located in the western portion of Santhal paraganas. It is bounded by Bhagalpur district in north, Dumka in east and Jamtara in south and Giridhi in west. The district extends from 24 0 03′ and 23 0 38′ N latitude and 86 0 28′ and 87 0 04′ E longitude and comprises 2481 km2 area. It has population 1,165,390 persons (Census of India, 2001).

The district contains several clusters of rocky hills covered with forest, but series of long ridges with intervening depressions. Most of the rolling uplands are cultivated by highland crops. The average elevation of the district is 247 m above msl, However hill ranges like Phuljari (750 m), Teror (670 m) and Degaria (575 m) break the monotony of the landscape. The general slope of the district is from north west to south east. Geologically the district is mainly covered by chhotanagpur granite gneiss of Archean age with paches of alluvium, sandstone and shale of Gondawana formations. Important rivers flowing in the district are the Ajay, the Paltro etc. These rivers gather a large number of tributaries which form the land scape full of Tanrs and Dons.

Economy
In 2006 the Indian government named Deogar one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Divisions

The district comprises ten blocks: Deoghar, Karon, Madhupur, Mohanpur, Palojori, Sarath, Devipur, Margomunda, Sarwan and Sonaraithari.

There are 3 Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Madhupur, Sarath and Deoghar. Madhupur and Deoghar are part of Godda Lok Sabha constituency, while Sarath is part of Dumka Lok Sabha constituency.

Tourist Attractions
The holy city which claims mythological origins houses the famous Baidyanath Dham temple, which is one of the twelve jyotirlings in India, and is the primary tourist attraction.
Saawan Mela

The importance of Babadham increases during the month of Shrawan. During this period, lakhs of devotees throng the Baba Baidyanath temple. Most of them first visit Sultanganj, which is 105 km from Babadham.

In Sultanganj, the Ganges flows to the North. It is from this place that the devotees collect water in their kanwars and carry the holy Ganges water, with the kanwars on their shoulders. They walk 109 km up to Baba Baidyanath temple at Babadham reciting Bol Bam on the way.

On reaching Babadham, the kanwarias first take a dip in the Shivaganga to purify themselves, and then enter the Baba Baidyanath temple, where the Ganges water is offered to the Jyotirlingam.

This pilgrimage continues during the whole of Shravan for 30 days, during July–August. This is the longest religious fair in the world.

People from foreign lands also visit Babadham not only during Shrawan month but also during the rest of the year.

The sight on the way from Sultanganj to Babadham is of a 109 km long human chain of saffron clad pilgrims. It is estimated that within this period of one month around 50 to 5.5 million pilgrims visit Babadham.

Besides the great pilgrimage of Shrawan, almost the whole year remains under fair with Shivaratri in March, Basant Panchami in January, Bhadra Purnima in September. Also here Rikhiya ashram famous in world for its meditation camp along with the Ramniwas Ashram of Saint Balanand Brahmachari,Mohan Mandir of Mohananand Swami,Kailash Pahar Ashram-Jasidih of Swami Hansdev Avadhoot.

Temples and Holy places in and around Deoghar District
Ajgaibinath, Baiju Temple, Basukinath, Deva Sangha Math, Dolmanch, Harila Jori, Hathi Pahar or Mahadevatari, Jain Temple, Kailash Pahar Ashram, Kathikund Daninath Shiva Temple, Kundeshwari, Lila Temple, Seva Nikunj, Mansarovar, Nandan Pahar, Naulakha Temple, Pagla Baba Ashram, Rikhia Ashram, Ram Krishna Mission Vidyapeeth, Satsang Nagar & Ashram, Shitala Temple, Shivaganga, Shiv Mandir Chitra, Tapovan, Chitra coalyari (Jamua) Trikuta Parvata.
Other temples

  • Taapovan
  • Naulakha Temple, Deoghar
  • Trikuti Pahar, Mohanpur
  • Budhai Mandir, Madhupur
  • Basuki Nath Temple,
  • Kinarinath Temple,Sarwan
  • Pathrol, Kali Mandir
  • Dubey Baba Mandir, Dakai(Sarwan)
  • Nayak Dham, Ganjobari Near Joramow Railway Station.
  • Dindakoli durga & shiv mandir
  • Karon shiv mandir