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Hazaribagh district,Jharkhand

Hazaribagh district is one of the twenty-four districts of Jharkhand state, India, and Hazaribaghtown is the district headquarters. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.

Etymology
The district is named after its headquarters, the town of Hazaribagh. The name, Hazaribagh consists of two urdu words, hazar meaning “one thousand”, and bagh meaning “garden” – so, the literal meaning of Hazaribagh is ‘a city of one thousand gardens’. According to Sir John Houlton, a veteran British administrator, the town takes its name from the small villages of Okni and Hazari – shown in old maps as Ocunhazry. The last syllable in its name probably originated in a mango-grove, which formed a camping ground for troops and travellers marching along the ‘new military road’ from Kolkata to Varanasi, constructed in 1782 and the following years.
History
In 1976 Giridih district was split from Hazaribagh.In 1999 this happened again with the creation of Chatra and Koderma.Hazaribagh left Bihar when Jharkhand was formed on 15 November 2000.On 12 September 2007, yet another district was created with Hazaribagh’s territory: Ramgarh.
Economy

Coal is the major mineral found in this district. This significant coal deposit reserves of this district include Charhi, Kuju, Ghato Tand and Barkagaon of North Karanpura Coalfield. The coal mines are the main source of livelihood for the residents of this district. People of this district are known to be very hard working.

Patratu and Bhurkunda are also coal mines areas of Hazaribgh but it has been separated in Ramgarh district

In 2006 the Indian government named Hazaribagh one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the 21 districts in Jharkhand currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

Tourist attractions

  • Barso Pani Cave, located at Barkagaon in Hazaribagh District
  • Budhwa Mahadev Mandir (Lord Shiva Temple)
  • The Chadwa Dam, about 15 km away from the town, is another picnic spot.
  • The lake of Hazaribag is also famous as a cafeteria which is the picnic spot in the heart of the town.
  • Hazaribagh National Park has hillocks, deep nullahs, thick tropical forests and grassy meadows. The sanctuary has wild bears, sambhar, nilgai, chital and kakar, sloth bears, tigers and leopards.
  • Hazaribagh railway station is also a great source of soharai art and one of the most beautiful railway stations of the state.[peacock term]
    Kanheri Hill (meaning bow-arrow shaped in Santhali), not to be confused with Canary, is a popular spot for nature lovers. There is a guest house and a watch tower on the top of the hills. Recently[when?] a proposal has been submitted for setting up a tiger and deer safari at the place.
  • Khutra is a village known and famous for historical jama masjid.
  • Konar Dam, situated about 50 km east of Hazaribag
  • Narsingh Temple, dedicated to Narsingh avatara (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu
  • Panchmandir
  • Rajrappa Mandir, 80 km away at the bank of river Damodar, is a very sacred place.
  • Saheed Nirmal Mahto Park, 2 km away from Dist. Board Chowk Hazaribagh o NH33
  • St. Stanislaus Sitagarha, a mango and lichi orchard with a 94-year-old Spanish architectural building
  • Surajkund hot spring, 60 km away from city on NH2 near Barkattha village
  • Swarnajayanti Cafeteria at Hazaribagh Jheel (Natural Lake) is a major family attraction.
  • Tillaya (Jhumri Tillaya) Dam, 45 km north from Hazaribag
  • Notable residents

  • Capt. A. E. J. Collins (18 August 1885 – 11 November 1914) – born in Hazaribagh, made the highest-ever recorded score in cricket as a 13-year-old schoolboy at Clifton College, Bristol, where he scored 628 not out over four afternoons in June 1899
  • Subodh Ghosh -renowned journalist and writer, born at Hazaribag in 1909; also studied in St. Columbus College
  • Yashwant Sinha – an Indian politician and a former finance minister of India (1990–1991) under Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar and March 1998 – July 2002 under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee) and foreign minister (July 2002 – May 2004) in Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s cabinet.
  • Tapen Sen – born into a wealthy household in Hazaribagh, he completed his schooling from St.Xavier’s School, Hazaribagh in 1970 and graduated from St.Columba’s College in 1974, subsequently he went on to pursue law as a profession at the Ranchi Bench of Patna High Court (now Jharkhand High Court) and was elevated as a Judge of the Jharkhand High Court in 2002 by then President of India His Excellency K. R. Narayanan, he was transferred subsequently to the Punjab & Haryana High Court and thereafter to the Calcutta High Court.