Palwal district is the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district.
The city is situated 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Delhi and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Khair City on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). The area of the city is 22.10 square kilometres (8.53 sq mi).
It is a place of great antiquity, supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.
Palwal is located at 28.15°N 77.33°E.It has an average elevation of 195 metres (639 ft).
Palwal has many temples, Schools, Colleges and banks. It also contains developed areas like Housing board colony, New colony, Main market, shivapuri, Krishna colony, camp colony, Huda sector 2, etc. Government is also putting more emphases toward the economy and development of Palwal as it is situated in mid of developed cities like Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad, Khair, Mathura at and about an equiv-distance, It consist agriculture based areas as well as commercial areas.
The city Palwal got its name from a demon, “Palwasur” who ruled this place during the reign of Pandavas. He was killed by Balarama, elder brother of Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival is organised in palwal which is known as “Baldev Chhat Ka Mela”. There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near Municipal Office chowk. Railway Station of Palwal is the place from where Mahatma Gandhi ji were arrested first time. A historical building “Gandhi Ashram” was made in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi
Syed Yusuf Ali Palwali was a noble and rich man from Palwal during the short ruling period of Muhammad Azam Shah and died along with Muhammad Azam Shah on 19 June 1707 at the battle of Jajuwan.
In the 17th century, Khan Mohammad from Palwal married his daughter with Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad. Similarly, the son of Qazi Syed Rafi Mohammad, Mohammad Baqar, was married to Sultan Bibi from Palwal. The daughter of Mohammad Baqar, ‘Khairun Nisan’ was also married in Palwal to Mohammad Ikram ibn Sultan Mohammad (alias Qazi Mian of Palwal). The daughter of ‘Khairun Nisan’ and Mohmmad Ikram namely ‘Noorun Nisan’ was married with Mohammad Mureeed, son of Qazi Syed Hayatullah. Qazi Syed Mohammad Rafi also married in Palwal with Fazal Nisan, daughter of Mohammad Saeed ibn Mohammad Hussain ibn Maulana Abul Khair. These intermarriages show how deep relations were there between Palwal and Sakras.
During the British period, Palwal was a part of the Punjab Province and a part of Gurgaon district.
Many persons from Palwal participated in the 1857 revolt against the British forces. Hayat Ali and Khairat Ali were martyred along with 17 people from Palwal only. Hayat Ali after arrest from his house was taken to Delhi and hanged. All male members of his family were ordered to be hanged. Large number of arrest warrants were issued. Interestingly, Tahsildar Palwal impersonate as Bangle seller like a Political decoy, went to the house of Hayat Ali, and saved Nazeer Ali (the grandson of Hayat Ali), who was merely 2 years old, inside a basket fully covered by bangles. He then left the child in the jungles of Nageena near Palwal. Ladies from the family of Hayat Ali, followed him, took the child from jungles and with cautious ultimately reached Tijara. Amongst the 17 people who were hanged in Palwal included the son-in-law of Hayat Ali, whose name was Iradat Ali bin Rustam Ali. When British forces chased the other family members from Pinangwan. The brother of Iradat Ali from Pinangwan, namely Karamat Ali could able to survive his life and ran away to Tijara. He latterly changed his name to ‘Zamin Ali’.
On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was further divided to form a new Faridabad district, and Palwal became a part of it.Finally Palwal became the 21st district of Haryana on 15 August 2008.