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Panchkula district,Haryana

Panchkula district was formed as the 17th district of Haryana state in India on 15 August 1995. It comprises two sub divisions and two tehsils: Panchkula and Kalka. It has 264 villages out of which twelve are un-inhabited and ten wholly merged with towns or treated as census towns according to the 1991 census. There are five towns in the district: Barwala, Kalka, Panchkula, Pinjore and Raipur Rani. The total population of the district is 319,398 out of which 173,557 are males and 145,841 are females.

As of the 2011 Census of India, it was the least populous district of Haryana out of 21.

Panchkula city is the headquarters of this district. Chandimandir Cantonment is located in this district, adjoining the Panchkula Urban Estate.

Etymology
The word Panchkula is derived from the local word panch (Sanskrit: ???) (five) and kula (Sanskrit: ????) (canals)”The city of 5 canals”, possibly referring to five irrigation canals that distribute water from the Ghaggar-Hakra River.
Geography and climate

Panchkula district has a sub tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 43 °C). Sometimes winter frost occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar is the only perennial river, which is very shallow outside of the monsoons.

Generally the slope of the district is from north east to south west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rain-fed torrents flow down and spread much gravel and pebbles in their beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil, flows towards north-west. The soils in the district are mainly light loam.

The underground water in the district is generally fresh and suitable for domestic and irrigation purposes. The underground water level is generally high in the southern parts and low in north and north-east which is hilly tract. The district lies in the Himalayas boundary fault zones and earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have occurred in the past.

Notable People from Panchkula

  • Late Pt.Mahesh Chandra Sharma, MA,LLB retired in 1977 as Joint Chief Electoral Officer, Haryana and has also served as Director Local Bodies. During the Chief Ministership of Chaudhary Devi Lal in 1987 he served as Chairman of Haryana Land Reclamation and Development Corporation.His Ancestral home is at Village Beri, District Jhajjar.Haryana.
  • Sardar Anjum, Indian Poet and Philosopher, Padma Bhushan and Padam Shri.
  • Dr.Naresh, Indian Poet and Philosopher, Awarded National Award by Govt. of India & Lifetime Achievement Award by Haryana Govt.
  • Tourism
    Morni Hills
    An offshoot of Shivalik range, Morni hills near Chandigarh are located at a distance of about 45 km from the city of gardens. It is a beautiful hill resort that has a real scenic beauty. Morni hills have been named after Queen Morni, who is said to rule this city.
    Pinjore Gardens
    Also known as Yadavindra Gardens, the Pinjore Gardens are situated about 20 km (12 mi) from the city, and cover a total area of 100 hectares (250 acres). The work of creating the gardens began in the seventeenth century. Pinjore Gardens is the venue for an annual mango festival. The garden houses a mini zoo, historic places, Japanese garden, nursery and a number of picnic spots. According to Hindu theology , the Pandava brothers rested in Pinjore during their exile.
    Cactus Garden & Yavnika Garden
    The 7 acres (2.8 ha) cactus garden in the centre of Panchkula was established in 1987, and is known for its rare and endangered species of Indian succulents.
    Hotels

  • Bella Vista Hotel,[6] Sector – 5
  • Red Bishop Tourist Complex,[7] Sector – 1
  • Ramgarh Heritage, A Luxury Boutique Resort [8] Ramgarh-Sec 28 Panchkula