Rohtak district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state in Northern India. It is located in the southeast of Haryana and northwest of Delhi, bounded by Jind and Sonipat districts to the north, Jhajjar and Sonipat districts to the east, and Hissar, Sirsa, and Bhiwani districts to the west. Rohtak city is the district headquarters.
Quilla Road is an upmarket place near the old walled city, where people come from all parts of the city and surrounding towns.
It is believed that the city’s name is of Indo-Aryan origin and is recorded in the Vedas. It was founded by the Jats people, and was named Rohtashgarh. Many aryans migrate in this city. The Jats of Rohtak under the leadership of Khokhar Jat, attacked Mahmud Gaznavi and also accompanied Khokhar Jats in 1206 AD against Mohmad Gouri. Subsequently the evolution of the named is traced as “Rohitaka-kula > Rohitaka > Rohtak” and Michael Witzel notes that this accords with the place existing around 500 BC.The same source also suggests that the name may have derived from the tree Rohitaka as well, a tree well known in the area for its superb timber.
The ruins of the ancient town at Khokrakot suggest that perhaps the town is as old as Indus valley Civilization as the Minar finds at Khokhrakot are typical of Indus Valley sites. It is also Identified with Rohitika, a place mentioned in the Mahabharata It was quite possibly the capital of Bahudhanyaka the kingdom of Yaudheyas. In the Vinaya of the Mulasarvasti-vadins, Jivaka is represented as taking journey from Taxila in the north west of Bhadramkara, Udumbasa, Rohitaka and Nathura in the Ganga Doab. The ancient highway carried the trade of the ganga valley to Taxila passing through Rohitika to Sakala. The existence of the town during the rule of Kushan is testified by the recovery of Khushana Pillar Capital decorated with carving of winged lions and riders. An example of a lion capital of the 1st or 2nd century AD, it resembles the lion capital in the British museum at London, well known for its inscriptions. The riders on it are similar to the riders on elephant at Karle cave and figures at Sanchi Gateway. It is a significant example of the sculptural art of Haryana towards the beginning of the Christian era. Clay mounds of coins discovered at Khokhrakot have thrown important light on the process of casting coins in ancient India. The coin moulds of the later Yadhyayas of the 3rd or 4th century AD have been discovered in large number here of the same and subsequent dates are several cly sealings. A Gupta terraacota plague and a head of later date have also been discovered. The town continued to flourish till the 10th century AD as coins of Samanta Deva, the Hindus King of Kabul have been found here.
The district consists of two sub-divisions, Rohtak and Meham. Rohtak tehsil is further divided into three community development blocks – Rohtak, Kalanaur and Sampla. Meham tehsil is further divided into two community development blocks, Meham and Lakhan-Majra.
The economy of the district is primarily agriculture. About 42.19% of the total workers are engaged in agriculture and allied activities, 7.68% in cottage and household industries and the rest are engaged in other activities.. Education and Health are other emerging sectors in the city. City hosts World’s leading precision screw manufacturing facilities, which supplies screws to domestic and international market. City has dairies and sugar mill. Rohtak City is also regional center for textile and Gold Jewellery making etc.
The Japanese township is planned to be set up near Madina village, 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Rohtak city ashoka, along NH10 towards Meham. It will include several big industries and commercial offices.
The tourist spot of Tilyar Lake is near to the city.includes Restaurant, Bar and Rohtak zoo. The lake lies in a 132-acre (0.53 km2) area and forms an integral part of the tourist setup, making it one of the greenest stretches in the adjoining area. The spacious lawns and the scenery on view make this resort a great place to relax, and people visit from as far away as Mumbai. It is also an excellent spot for watching a variety of birds that flock on the little island located in the middle of the lake.
The lake complex also houses Rohtak Zoo. Along with other heritage sites on the outskirts of city, there are many tourist places in Rohtak. The following animals have been housed in this zoo:Tiger, Leopard, Fox, Hyena, Wolf, Gharial, Mugger, Hippopotamus, Himalayan Black Bear, Jackal, Otter, Pig-tailed monkey, Baboon, Bonnet macaque, Gray langur, Sambhar, Blackbuck, Chinkara, Indian hog deer, Barking deer, Guineafowl, Silver pheasant, Fantail pigeon etc.
Gurudwara manji sahib has a historical shrine place in lakhan majra, rohtak. commemorating the visit of Guru Tegh Bahadur who, halted here while travelling from Jind to Delhi. A single roomed shrine marked the site until after 1947 when immigrants from Pakistan to Delhi and Rohtak thought of enlarging the structure. The present flagmast was raised in 1958, and the foundation of the new five storeyed building was laid on 24 April 1967.
The Gurdwara now stands in a compound entered through a double storeyed gateway. The assembly hall, on the ground floor, is mounted over by a domed pavilion on the top storey. An annexe to the east of the hall is Guru ka Langar. The Shiromani Gurdwara Parbandhak Committee manages the shrine through a local committee at Rohtak. Sikhs from Rohtak, Delhi and other places assemble in large numbers en every full moon day. The biggest festival of the year is Hola Mahalla, which is celebrated in March.