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Sirsa district,Haryana

Sirsa district is one of the districts of Haryana state, India. Sirsa is the district headquarters, and is located on National Highway 10 and 250 kilometres (160 mi) from the capital, Delhi.

Origin of name

The district is named after its headquarters, Sirsa. The name, Sirsa is derived from its ancient Sanskrit name Sairishaka, which is mentioned in the Mahabharata, the Ashtadhyayi and the Divyavadana. In Mahabharata, Sairishaka is described as being taken by Nakula in his conquest of the western quarter. It must have been a flourishing city in the 5th century B.C. as it has been mentioned by Panini.

There are a number of legends about the origin of the name of the town. Its ancient name was Sairishaka and from that it seems to have been corrupted to Sirsa. According to local tradition, an unknown king named Saras founded the town in the 7th century A.D. and built a fort. The material remains of an ancient fort can still be seen in the south-east of the present town. It is about 5 km in circumference. According to another tradition, the name has its origin from the sacred river Sarasvati which one flowed near it. During the medieval period, the town was known as Sarsuti. It has been mentioned as Sarsuti by a number of medieval historians. The derivation of name Sirsa, is also attributed to the abundance of siris trees (Albizia lebbeck (Benth)) in the neighborhood of Sirsa which seems quite plausible for it finds some corroboration also in Panini and his commentator. In the ancient period, Sirsa was also known as Sirsapattan.However some local still believes that name may be derived from famous Sarsai Nath whose temple is there in the city.

History
In 1819, the territory occupied by the present district was taken over by the British and it became part of the North Western district of the Delhi territory. In 1820, the North Western district was bifurcated into Northern and Western districts and this territory became part of Western district, which was later renamed Haryana district. In 1837, it was separated from Haryana district and merged with newly formed Bhattiana district. In 1858, Bhattiana district was transferred to Punjab Province and renamed Sirsa district. In 1884, Sirsa district was abolished, its two tehsils, Sirsa and Dabwali were merged to form Sirsa tehsil, which became part of Hissar district of Punjab Province. On 1 November 1966, it became part of newly formed state of Haryana. In 1968, Sirsa tehsil was again bifurcated to Sirsa and Dabwali tehsils. The present district was carved out on September 1, 1975 by amalgamating Sirsa and Dabwali tehsils of erstwhile Hissar district.
Economy
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Sirsa one of the country’s 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the two districts in Haryana currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Places of interest
Religious places

  • Tara Baba Kutia is a large Hindu temple situated about 5 km from main city on Rania Road. It has been built in memory of Shri Tara Baba. There is a large murti of Bhagwan Shiv and an artificial cave.
  • Gurudwara Sri Chilla Sahib is a historic Sikh gurdwara, located between Rania Chungi and Tulsi Chowk.
  • The Salasar Dham (Hanuman Mandir) is a Hindu temple located near Town Park.
  • Dera Sacha Sauda is a non-profit spiritual organization based in Sirsa. It was established by the ascetic Mastana Balochistani in 1948, as a center for spiritual learning.
  • Baba Bihari Ji ki Samadhi, Rania Road.
  • Shree Khatu Shyam Dham, Rania Road.
  • Sarsai Nath Dham, Bhagwan Parsuram Chowk.
  • Baba Ramdev Mandir, Rori Gate and Bhadra talab.
  • Ganesh Mandir, Noharia Bazaar.
  • Jain Temple, Street Jain School, Terapanth Jain Bhawan.