Korba District is an administrative district of Chhattisgarh state in central India. The city of Korba is the district headquarters.
The district is situated in the Northern Rocks of the state. Most of the land which has plateau from the Maikal ranges of the Satpura hills, is high and low and open. The biggest area of this open land is spread near Pasan. Hasdeo River has three tributaries: Gajechorai, Tan and Ahiran. On the banks of the rivers are small obstructions, thin forest area and bastties. The area’s most important hill is Karela Hill with a height of 3,253 feet (992 m). To the north of Katghora, the slope of the valleys of the Hasdeo and Gage is very less and joins the Surguja District in the north. The Tan and Chorai Rivers joins the River Hasdeo from opposite directions – from the east and the west. Towards the northern banks are the Gurudwari Hill, Janta Hill, Matin and Dhajag Hills.
Korba is known for its coal mines such as Gevra Area (one of the biggest coal mines of Asia), Kusmunda Area and Dipka Area, all located in Korba Coalfield. It also has power plants such as NTPC, CSEB East – West and Balco Aluminium Plant.
Korba city is konwn as the Power Capital of India. Korba Coalfield were became since 1941, large scale production could be initiated only on completion of the Champa-Korba rail link in 1955. Gevra mine is an open cast mine complex at the town of Gevra that has been described as the largest open cast mine in India and Asia, as well as the world’s second-largest. It was opened in 1981. Dipka and Kusmunda are small coalfield in the area.
Korba Super Thermal Power Plant of NTPC is located at Jamanipali. It gets coal from Gevra and Kusmunda mines and source of water for the power plant is Hasdeo River. Korba Thermal Power Station is owned and operated by Chhattisgarh State Power Generation Company. There are more small Power Plant near city like Hasdeo Thermal Power Station, Dr Shyama Prasad Mukharjee Thermal Power Station and Lanco Amarkantak Power Plant.
Bharat Aluminium Company has plant which is one of the Asia’s largest aluminum production industries. In 2009, chimney under construction by Gannon Dunkerley & Company at the Balco smelter collapsed killing 49 workers and GDCL management have been accused of negligence in the incident.